How can a good and powerful God allow suffering?

The Problem of Theodicy

with Rabbi David Thomas

Dates: Wednesdays, November 3 – December 8 (5 Sessions)
Time: 7:00 PM – 8:30 PM
Cost: $100
Online via Zoom

We have been taught to believe that God is all-powerful. We want to believe that God is good. Yet we know that suffering is real.

For millennia, religious thinkers have tried to square this circle.  Job can’t make sense of it, yet he remains steadfast in his faith. Confronted by senseless suffering, the rabbinic sage Elisha ben Abuya declares: “There is no justice and there is no Judge!”

From the biblical period to the Holocaust and into modern times we continue to struggle with this paradox. In this series of five sessions, we will consider the classic arguments and subject them to scrutiny. Before we conclude, we hope to come to some possible resolutions of the matter – perhaps in an unexpected way.


  1. Nov. 3  – Introduction to Theodicy and the Problem of Suffering
  2. Nov. 10 – Perhaps Suffering is not Real?
  3. Nov. 17 – Is Suffering a Part of God’s Goodness?
  4. Dec. 1 – Could it be that God, the Infinite, is Limited?
  5. Dec. 8 – Conclusion: Coming to Terms with the Unknowable

Co-sponsored with Bet Shalom, Mount Zion, Shir Tikvah



Registration for this class is now closed.